The teaching of phonics is an integral part of the curriculum in both Foundation and Key Stage 1 classrooms. We follow the National phonics programme, 'Letters and Sounds', where children are taught the 44 phonemes that make up all the sounds required for reading and spelling. These phonemes include those made by just one letter and those that are made by two or more. As the children grow in confidence and experience, they are introduced to alternative ways of representing the same sound, e.g. 'ee' can be represented as 'ee', 'ea', 'e-e', 'e'. The teaching of phonics is of high priority to all teachers as it enables pupils to decode for reading and encode for spelling.
We ensure that our teaching of phonics is rigorous, structured and enjoyable. Children have discrete, daily phonics sessions where they are introduced to new phonemes, can practise and revise previous learning and have plenty of opportunities to apply the knowledge they have.
We use a range of multisensory strategies to enthuse and engage the children, including the use of magnetic letters, speaking and listening, songs, rhymes and practical activities. Children work with pace and are encouraged to apply their knowledge across the curriculum with any reading or writing activities.
Alongside the teaching of Phonics, children have access to a language rich environment where they are able to apply their decoding skills and develop language comprehension in order to 'read'.